Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
02-21-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #1
Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
Cummns ISX CM871: The solution to most EGR problems in a nut shell (by Rawze)...


How does one prevent the endless cycle of EGR/DPF problems, and to keep their fuel mileage at its peak?,...


Well, actually, both go hand-in hand believe it or not. If there is something on your engine that has lowered your fuel mileage, then that same something is causing your engine to produce excess soot. Any time there is excess soot, it accelerates all the problems that are seen with the EGR and DPF systems. The CM871, even if it is running perfectly healthy, is in a constant state of slowly degrading these systems because of its poor EGR design. What I mean by this, is that the EGR itself chokes the engine from burning the fuel clean, witch results in soot. This soot builds up quickly in the oil, causing excess wear, and in every component that there is exhaust gas flow. Since the exhaust gas is recirculated (EGR = Exhaust Gas Recirculation), back to the intake through several pipes, components and sensors, and soot builds up in these same components and pipes, the engine performance and fuel mileage drops steadily as a result. This drop in performance, then creates even more soot, witch builds up in the components even faster, choking these systems even more, creating a sort-of runaway train effect. The more soot build-up, the more soot produced, the higher soot produced, the more soot build-up. Its an endless cycle that has no end, eventually causing tons of EGR, DPF, and fuel mileage problems. Unfortunately, the only solution to this non-stop problem in this motor, is to take apart all these systems and clean them out regularly. Most repair shops do not want to be bothered with such things as removing a pipe, just to clean it, and others, still yet, do not understand that this is a huge factor in dealing with the bigger issues like EGR/Turbo/DPF alarms, going for the more expensive components, thinking that the problem is in fact there instead. This problem is so bad, that even on a brand new engine, running perfectly well, never being idled at all, it only takes about 200k miles before the soot build-up in all the components start to take their toll in the entire operation of the engine. this means that at about every 200k miles or so, if something isn't done about it, then all of the problems typically seen with this motor start to show their ugly head as a result. EGR/Component failures, Power loss, DPF problems, fuel mileage losses, hesitation in acceleration, and/or many other ghosts are the result of this excess soot build-up on all the components, pipes, and sensors. This problem extends all the way from the exhaust, back around to the intake manifold itself, where the air needed to run the engine itself, is slowly choked off because of non-stop build-up. Its like someone trying to run a marathon while they are being choked and can hardly breath. So how does a truck owner deal with this?,...and What needs to be done?,...

The only way to prevent this is to do a regular 'EGR Tune-up'. It is unfortunately, not recognized officially, by the engine maker, and therefore not preformed by the trained professionals of most shops, so this leaves the problem to the truck owner to perform. Is it the answer to ALL EGR/DPF related problems?,...NO,...but it IS THE PREVENTION OF SUCH PROBLEMS FROM HAPPENING... As well, if it hasn't been done at all, and the engine has many thousands of miles on it, then it can definitely be the root cause of repeating other problems with the EGR/DPF.

Here are the youtube videos I made showing how to do this EGR Tune-up with some explination. Maybe it helps someone out there with fuel mileage and/or DPF problems...






Do a thourough EGR Tune-up!,.. Don't just replace a couple sensors and assume that's all it was!!!,... ALL OF IT NEEDS TO BE DONE TO GET THE ENGINE RUNNING RIGHT!!!.. It is VERY important you get those pipes and intake manifold cleaned out!!!. It chokes the system down and causes the engine to loose fuel mileage and perform poor regens.



Here is the video on how to do the Doser Injector...











-- If your truck has more then 400k miles on it,..... Don't Forget about the EGR Valve!!! It clogs up as well, and you need to either replace it or clean it out...







After you have done an 'EGR Tune-up', replacing the after-treatment injector, EGR deferential pressure sensor, Cleaned or replaced the Doser Injector, the EGR Valve, and cleaned/replaced the IMAP sensor and/or Exhaust gas pressure sensor, it is a very good idea to go ahead and perform a 'Forced Regen' on the truck using the Cummins Insite Software. Here is a video on how it should be done PROPERLY!,...





Take note of the Kpa reading after the Regen is complete. It should be less than 2.5 with a new injector, and certainly less than 3.0 overall. A Brand new DPF will read 1.0-1.5, so if your getting readings below 2.0 at all, its a very good sign that your DPF is in good shape.


Perform a thorough Cylinder Cut-Out Test....


Make sure your engine and injectors are in good health!. If the engine itself is running like crap, then the Tune-up will not completely cure your problems. Perform a thorough cylinder cut-out test to see the health of the injectors and cylinders. If they are producing too much soot, then it will cause endless DPF/DOC face-plug problems as well. Here is the best procedure using Insite...






The Infamous DOC Face-plug (cry-baby) alarm!...

Code:
FAULT CODE 2637
After-treatment Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Face Plugged - Root Cause Not Known

This is truly a 'Cry-Baby' Alarm!. The 871 loves to throw this alarm whenever ANYTHING on the engine could be wrong. Once it throws this alarm, as well, The passive regen system will shut down, and 250 engine hours later, your engine will derate/shut down with a DPF plugged alarm, because it is no longer performing regens. If you perform a thorough EGR tune-up, and replace all the sensors, Doser injector, etc. like recommended, ensured all your cylinders are healthy, and the rest of the engine is running good, then this alarm should go away. If it keeps coming back, then it could actually be a legitimate alarm. Usually, though, it is on trucks that have with more than 450k+ miles. The DOC does NOT last forever, and does in fact need cleaning once in a while too. Unfortunately, you have to remove it and take it to a shop for cleaning (best done together with the DPF). It also does not last more than 450-600k miles before just simply starting to go bad. The reason why, is that the more oil your engine burns because of engine wear, the faster it makes the DOC go bad. The platinum inside the DOC gets eaten away by engine oil additives, and coated over by any coolant leaks that might you might have had. Also, If your turbo is leaking oil, or your engine is consuming oil by any more than about 1 gallon every 5000 miles or so, then you will see regular DOC face-plug alarms. Does this mean you need to replace it?,... Well, if it is old, then likely yes, but replacing it is NOT going to make the alarms go away completely if your engine consumes oil. It is more likely, you will have to do a forced regen cycle on your truck once a week to keep the alarms at bay. This means that owning an Inline-5 adapter and a copy of Insite is the likely the only way to keep the system healthy long term if your engine is aged and consuming a bit of oil.


Other causes of EGR problems...

-- Not as common, but just as important,.... You ALSO Have a Differential Pressure Sensor at the DPF can. It is fed by two (roughly 1/4 inch dia.) stainless-looking tubes, on either end of the DPF, with short rubber hoses at the ends, under the sensor. This Sensor CAN and DOES go bad too. I recommend replacing it about every 400 - 500k miles at the most. As well, make sure the tubes are not broken, or the rubber ends at the sensor are n good shape and NOT LEAKING. In any event, You should probably inspect it very well (remove and look inside it for soot, buildup, etc.) if your still having frequent regen problems.


-- Leaking exhaust piping is one of the more common causes of regular DPF/DOC alarms when the rest of the engine is healthy. Performing a forced Regen, then going outside the truck while the Doser injector is 'ON' is a good time to spot exhaust leaks that effect regens. When fuel from the After-treatment injector is spraying into the exhaust sytem, if there are any leaks, you will see them as puffs of white smoke coming from your exhaust flex pipe or joints. If you see this, then the regen cycle is NOT going to perform correctly. You cannot have leaks in your exhaust system if you want your DPF to stay clean.

Most of the time, an EGR Tune-up will cure your DPF/EGR problems, but there are other things in the engine that can cause problems as well. Usually they are the more obvious kind like a leaky/cracked charge air (Air-to-Air) cooler, failed injector, or perhaps damaged exhaust or EGR piping. Many mechanics are quick to blame the turbo as well, but it usually has to be pretty bad before it actually causes EGR/DPF problems. Most of the time, its a sticky EGR valve, or a leaky EGR cooler instead. Lastly, the injector cam itself, if it has slipped (it isn't keyed), can be the cause of EGR/DPF problems, but it is combined with excess soot problems in the engine as well.

ISX Filter Plugging & Excess soot...


User's Signature: ->: What I post is just my own thoughts and Opinions! --- I AM Full Of S__T!.
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 Thanks given by: AutoHaul , trucklogger2 , Geared_Cortex
05-13-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #2
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
Hey Rawze
I have a new doc/dpf , new dpf pressure sensor and temp sensors. I'm reading 5.13 volts on all temp sensors! Please help. 08 500 hp 871
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05-14-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #3
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
(05-13-2016 )Jlslade Wrote:  Hey Rawze
I have a new doc/dpf , new dpf pressure sensor and temp sensors. I'm reading 5.13 volts on all temp sensors! Please help. 08 500 hp 871

That does not tell me much...

Are there problems? ... regen issues? ... take a screen shot of the regen history and post it.

type of truck? mileage? ---

I do not have E.S.P.


User's Signature: ->: What I post is just my own thoughts and Opinions! --- I AM Full Of S__T!.
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09-04-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #4
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
Hiya Rawze. Really appreciate your info along with other members on here. Question: It's the holiday weekend, i need to deliver a load Tuesday. Have a Doser Injector on my 2009 peterbilt isx 485 cummins started spewing water/coolant. Will putting a bypass line for the water and a plug for the fuel line cause any major issues for a few days? Cannot find a replacement till next week. Other than this the truck is pretty sound.


User's Signature: Don't believe anything you hear and only half of what you see.
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09-04-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #5
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
(09-04-2016 )captjuanloco Wrote:  Hiya Rawze. Really appreciate your info along with other members on here. Question: It's the holiday weekend, i need to deliver a load Tuesday. Have a Doser Injector on my 2009 peterbilt isx 485 cummins started spewing water/coolant. Will putting a bypass line for the water and a plug for the fuel line cause any major issues for a few days? Cannot find a replacement till next week. Other than this the truck is pretty sound.

I would think that the The coolant line that runs through it keeps the electronics in it from melting.

The truck is likely to give some faults in the dash and possibly cause a derate if it cannot regen properly too.

If it is already leaking, it is very possible that your DOC and/or DPF are face plugged with coolant. If this is the case, driving it around like that will cook the injectors and cause other major engine damage too. Driving around on plugged up cans all the time causes some serious damage.


User's Signature: ->: What I post is just my own thoughts and Opinions! --- I AM Full Of S__T!.
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11-11-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #6
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
(02-21-2016 )Rawze Wrote:  Take note of the Kpa reading after the Regen is complete. It should be less than 2.5 with a new injector, and certainly less than 3.0 overall. A Brand new DPF will read 1.0-1.5, so if your getting readings below 2.0 at all, its a very good sign that your DPF is in good shape.


Perform a thorough Cylinder Cut-Out Test....
Rawze, I need some clarification on this..I setup my forced regene monitoring like you showed in your regen video, but the KPA (is that supposed to be HPA?)readings arent there. The only available unit of measure for Differential Pressure are .inhg during monitoring. Where can I change the values, or where can I monitor the KPA/HPA.
Thanks for the site, and your videos are invaluable!
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11-11-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #7
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
(11-11-2016 )wreckmster Wrote:  Rawze, I need some clarification on this..I setup my forced regene monitoring like you showed in your regen video, but the KPA (is that supposed to be HPA?)readings arent there. The only available unit of measure for Differential Pressure are .inhg during monitoring. Where can I change the values, or where can I monitor the KPA/HPA.
Thanks for the site, and your videos are invaluable!

Look back in your regen history after it finishes. It should show the last regen and what the final value was to the far right for the history.


User's Signature: ->: What I post is just my own thoughts and Opinions! --- I AM Full Of S__T!.
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 Thanks given by: DVT873
11-11-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #8
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
(11-11-2016 )Rawze Wrote:  Look back in your regen history after it finishes. It should show the last regen and what the final value was to the far right for the history.

Ok I understand now. I was under the impression it was something I could read during the monitoring during Regen. Thanks again for the info. The numbers were mostly over 3 so I will be doing a EGR tune up and see what happens after.
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11-28-2016, (Subject: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems... ) 
Post: #9
RE: Fixing your EGR/DPF Problems...
Rawze, I just wanted to say THANKS! I came across this sight yesterday after searching google for "DPF frequent regen". I have a 2014 Volvo 780 - cm2350 with 297K miles. I recently replaced the NOX sensor / dozer valve and DPF Differential Pressure sensor. I removed the DOC and DPF and sent out for cleaning. I could not understand why it was doing a frequent regen after all this. After reading your articles and watching some of your videos, I immediately called for parts this morning and performed all of your suggestions. It took 2 of us about 5 hrs to complete the DPF tune up. My Hg has been getting progressively worse ending at a level of 5.8 for the most recent regen. After I completed the service today and performed a forced region, the level dropped to 2.5 - I can't wait to see what this does for my mpg / power / etc. Thanks for your help and videos. I will be doing the same service on my other trucks as I have 3 additional trucks with cummins various EGR systems. I will also be taking out the IMAP sensor at every service to clean, as it will only take a few minutes. You should have seen the one I replaced today. It looked like the foam cover at the end of my boom mic on my blue parrot head set. Still shocked that dealers do not promote these services to drivers, but I do understand that they are trying to get the most $$$ out of us.
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