2 plunger or 3 plunger
09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #1
2 plunger or 3 plunger
Hey Cummins family I have a 2012 Cascadia with an isx. Is there a way to tell if I have a 2 or 3 plunger fuel pump without taking it apart?
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09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #2
RE: 2 plunger or 3 plunger
Yes.

If you look at the pump head, It's held down with either 4 or 8 capscrews. 4 capscrews = 2 cylinder. 8 = 3 cylinder. Regardless, they should both be using only 2 pistons inside.


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 Thanks given by: boss_trucker
09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #3
RE: 2 plunger or 3 plunger
Smaller one is 2 plunger, larger one is 3

2-piston pump...
./uploads/202009/post_1621_1601221379_dc3b60bb94f7a7a96ca000273fed23e8.jpeg

3-piston pump...
./uploads/202009/post_1621_1601221395_03a1a8b4977254931341d086d8e64918.jpeg
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 Thanks given by: JimT , boss_trucker
09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #4
RE: 2 plunger or 3 plunger
here is another old thread that talks about this...
http://rawze.com/forums/showthread.php?t...39#pid5739

and some others that came up on a search...
http://rawze.com/forums/showthread.php?t...1#pid11081


User's Signature: ->: What I post is just my own thoughts and Opinions! --- I AM Full Of S__T!.
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 Thanks given by: boss_trucker
09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #5
RE: 2 plunger or 3 plunger
Quickserve information regarding the fuel pump (It's a free account and has 99% of the info you need to maintain and rebuild your engine):
https://quickserve.cummins.com/qs3/pubsy...08436.html
https://quickserve.cummins.com/qs3/pubsy...07962.html

Video playlist for inspection/install:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL...xm_LtX_PCM

Other then an additional cylinder and 4 extra bolts, the pumps and procedures are functionally identical.

What YOU really need to determine is whether the barrels, plungers and tappets have been replaced. The ceramic plungers are a dead giveaway and a major weak point. However even the newer steel plungers and other parts can still be a problem. The ceramic plunger breaking was bad, but the metal debris from the tappets and cam can occur regardless of plunger type.

On a 2250 you're looking at a few hundred bucks and about an hour of your time to do the job and ensure you don't have a catastrophic failure any time soon. Some 2350's don't have replacement parts available so you need to look up your engine in quickserve and find out exactly which parts you need. Consensus is that you should replace the guts every 400,000 miles or roughly 8000 hours. Most failures seem to occur somewhere between 400,000-450,000 miles, so replace prior to that.

Personally, from my experience, I would open up the pump head at least once a year to inspect it. Worst case you waste a little time and replace a gasket, best case you catch a failure in progress before it actually causes major damage.


User's Signature: "So long and thanks for all the fish"
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 Thanks given by: Waterloo , Rawze
09-27-2020, (Subject: 2 plunger or 3 plunger ) 
Post: #6
RE: 2 plunger or 3 plunger
(09-27-2020 )JimT Wrote:  Quickserve information regarding the fuel pump (It's a free account and has 99% of the info you need to maintain and rebuild your engine):
https://quickserve.cummins.com/qs3/pubsy...08436.html
https://quickserve.cummins.com/qs3/pubsy...07962.html

Video playlist for inspection/install:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL...xm_LtX_PCM

Other then an additional cylinder and 4 extra bolts, the pumps and procedures are functionally identical.

What YOU really need to determine is whether the barrels, plungers and tappets have been replaced. The ceramic plungers are a dead giveaway and a major weak point. However even the newer steel plungers and other parts can still be a problem. The ceramic plunger breaking was bad, but the metal debris from the tappets and cam can occur regardless of plunger type.

On a 2250 you're looking at a few hundred bucks and about an hour of your time to do the job and ensure you don't have a catastrophic failure any time soon. Some 2350's don't have replacement parts available so you need to look up your engine in quickserve and find out exactly which parts you need. Consensus is that you should replace the guts every 400,000 miles or roughly 8000 hours. Most failures seem to occur somewhere between 400,000-450,000 miles, so replace prior to that.

Personally, from my experience, I would open up the pump head at least once a year to inspect it. Worst case you waste a little time and replace a gasket, best case you catch a failure in progress before it actually causes major damage.
Thanks JimT I wanted to know because I'm just going to have it rebuilt regardless of what's in it. I just bought the truck and want to get a leg ahead. It's a cm2250 with around 670,000mi on odo. The woman's husband passed and she doesn't have any knowledge of the things he had done to it.
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